to Miniature Cattle

Miniature Cattle breeds - art credit: dexter-cow-hoodandbroomfield.co.uk
Breeds of Miniature Cattle in North America
More Breeds of Cattle for the Small Homestead
(in development now, stay tuned)...
Specialty or Exotic Bovines
Breeds of Miniature Cattle in other countries

10 Things to Consider When Choosing a Breed

Shopping for Miniature Cattle

Miniature Cattle for Sale

Miniature-Cattle.com Classified Ads

Miniature-Cattle.com Breeder Directory
  (this was previously on the homepage)...

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for those new to Miniature Cattle ownership

Miniature Cattle pages on FacebookMiniature Cattle Facebook Group Directory
Each listing in this directory provides the group name, the original number members (summer 2018) and the main administrators, rules & group purpose. There are quite a few FB groups about Miniature Cattle. There are also regional groups listed, another convenience for shoppers.

Cattleman's Glossary of Terms. Proper terminology can help new cattle owners and breeders align more professionally with the rest of the cattle industry, and can help avoid misunderstandings.

  • Chondrodysplasia (BD) (AKA Chondro, Bulldog calf, BD gene, Dwarfism).
  • Skeletal dysplasias are disorders of the bone and cartilage tissues.
  • Dwarfism is the most common result, and occurs in many animals.
  • There is more than one kind of dwarfism in cattle (maybe a dozen or more).
  • In miniature cattle, there is one kind of dwarfism we know of (a type of BD).
  • BD1 dwarfism first occured in Irish Dexter cattle centuries ago. BD1 exists only in Dexter, no other miniature breeds (unless they are crossbred with Dexter). Read more here ...

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Miniature Cattle

miniature Sire Directory

Miniature Sire Directory

Heritage Cattle Sire Directory
Specialty Bovine Sire Directory

small aluminum measuring stick
Miniature Cattle Frame Score (height) Chart Frame Score (FS) Charts are an objective, consistent method used across all breeds to predict the mature height of young growing cattle. Theoretically, an animal has the same frame score throughout its life. If you measure and identify the FS of a 12 month old calf, you should then have a good indication of what height that calf should mature at. Basically, Miniature Cattle measure in FSs of 0 and lower. Cows are classified as miniature when they mature up to 42-43" tall (measuring females at 3YO over the hip is the industry standard). Classic cows (small frame, midsize) have FSs of 1-3, and will range from 43"-48" tall at maturity. Modern (standard size) cows are from FS 4-8 and cows will mature over 48" tall. See charts for cows and bulls,printable versions, size classification terms, formulas and heights across breeds for comparison, here...

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Miniature Cattle

Weight Measurement Formulas & Weight Charts:
measure a miniatue cow to estimate her weight How to measure miniature cattle to estimate their weight, plus formulas and charts for cattle and newborn calves. Cattle scales are expensive and usually not cost effective for homesteaders or small herd owners. But there are 2 methods to measure cattle for weight estimates. Method 1 uses 2 measurements, the heart girth and the body length, and a formula. Method 2 uses just the heart girth measurement and a special (inexpensive) livestock weigh tape with approximate weight markings on it. DIY's can use a plain cloth tape measure with the weight measure chart; a free downloadable printable version is provided here...
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temperament (source: Pinterest)MORE CHARTS:

How to Calculate Bloodline Percentage in a Pedigree
Body Condition Score Charts (BCS) this page also includes
• the udder score chart
• calving ease /difficulty score chart
• and includes 2 temperament charts
  (temperament measured in chute & corral)
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Judging Age of Cattle by their TeethGuide: How to Estimate Age of Cattle by Their Teeth.
Printable chart: How to age cattle by their teeth
8" x 20" reference poster (right) opens into separate page

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open up a Calving Gestation ChartCalving Gestation Chart: A cow calving table. The gestation period for cattle is approximately 279-292 days from the first mating or about 9 months long. Generally younger cows and smaller breeds calve up to 10 days earlier than the average, while older cows and larger breeds can calve up to 10 days later. The American Hereford Association offers this handy online gestation calculator.

How to Tie a Quick Release Knot (to use on the lead rope when halter training; adds safety when tied)
open large printable version

Perris Mini Cow Halters
Click here to open a full size chart to help order the proper fit in a small cow halter.

Perri's mini cow halters
“Derby” Nylon Small Cow Halter: black, blue, emerald green, hurricane blue & raspberry
“Weaver Leather” Nylon & Leather Cow Halters: blue and black (also available at TSC)

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intro-type info to Miniature Cattle

A little confrontation - Starburt miniature Herefords, Scotland
Why Own Miniature Cattle?
The advantages and disadvantages of raising small cattle.
How to Make Money with Miniature Cattle
6 Markets for Selling Miniature Cattle
Creating Breeds and Composites,TX Cooperative Ext & TX AMU
What is a Breed. An excellent (Cliffs Notes style) history of type, breeds & purity of British and Continental breeds in America. Beef Magazine.

cattle working form

Good Record Keeping is an important part of raising healthy happy Miniature Cattle. Here is the first of many .pdf forms that can help new cattle owners keep records and start forming their own tailor-made yearly (and monthly) cattle herd health schedules. Vaccinations, disease prevention, pest control, and health issues will vary according to where you live and the breeds of cattle you raise.
Cattle Herd Health & Transport Record Form (left) is the 1st free download printable pdf; stay tuned for a whole page of forms to choose from, ideas to make up your own custom forms that will help you. (~ this form is adapted from H&R Mini Herefords, OK) - you customize as needed for your herd.

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vintage breeds of miniature cattle Small Cattle & Small Herd Management
Herd management: Health Tests for Cattle
Herd management: Diseases & Vaccination Programs
DNA Genetic tests recommended by breeds
Herd Management: Pests & Parasites
Herd management: Record Keeping, Health Program Calendars
Free (downloadable, customizable) Forms
LOTS more on the Way... stay tuned...
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mini Beefcakes Mini Beef Cakes
Care & Feeding of Miniature Beef Cattle;
beef cattle conformation, selection
Butchering, Harvesting, Meat cuts
Natural beef, GMO free, Organic beef
Antibiotic-free, Hormone-free
How to Cook Grass Fed Beef (recipes)
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Mini Milk Maids
mini MilkMaids Miniature and Midsize Dairy Cattle Breeds by Loretta
Care & Feeding of Miniature Dairy Cattle
Using Miniature Bulls as Calving-Ease Sires (while breeding your own Dual Purpose Mini Cows) by Suzy Minck
A1 and A2 Milk
Dairy Herd Health Management: Biosecurity, Closed Herds
“Do I Need to Bangs Vaccinate my Heifers?”
Grass Fed Dairy, Raw Milk, GMO-free, Organic, Milk & Cheese Recipes
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genes for cowboys
Genes for Cowboys

Want to understand the genetics behind breeding cattle a bit better? This is an online reference book written to help ranchers and agriculture students understand genetics relevant to beef cattle. Inheritance patterns; Mendelian Inheritance; Chromosomes in cattle; Fertility; Traits of Interest; Polled, Horned, Scurred; Coat Color; Behavior Genetics; Genetics of Beef Quality; DNA Testing for Cattle; Gene Mapping; References and Links. By Sheila M. Schmutz, Ph.D., Dep't of Animal Science, U of Saskatchewan, Canada

Dun and Red Genetics in Galloway Cattle, by Alan S. Bias, administrator, Galloway Cattle Genetics Discussion Group
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horns are loved on rodeo bucking bull stock Should You Dehorn Your Cows? [video, 7:10] This feature addresses research on whether horned cattle might function better than cattle with the polled mutation. I never did paste (disbud) my calves (although I have done for others), but, if you do dehorn, paste de-budding is the only humane way to dehorn, done when a calf. This video is a bit sappy, but the research and info is very interesting.

Miniature Bucking Bulls coming to a town near you this summer...
Local Auction Sale Barn Directory
Transport, Quarantine, BioSecurity
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Miscellaneous Cattle Articles
Interesting Cattle Facts
How to Naturally Influence Gender of the Calf
(Maybe it's Not an Old Wives' Tale)
Farmers Almanac times

milking a dairy bull?

As Useless as Teats on a Bull
? Well, we would like to question that old saying. Australian Newsletter, "Hormonal Mail", April 2016

The Farmers Almanac - THE book for planting and working your livestock by the signs; best days to castrate, harvest etc.
ONLINE: for farm animals check here for dates.

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calving during daylightCalving Season: Feed at Night, Calve During the Day, By SDSU iGrow Extension, Mar, 2018, Western Livestock Journal. “Yes, feeding affects time of calving,” Harty said. “Feeding cows later in the day and evening will increase the number of calves born during daylight hours, when it is easier for livestock producers to watch them more closely.” (Ranchers have long known and practiced this, it works for most livestock; to make your calving, lambing and kidding season a little less stressful, feed your pregnant stock every evening before dusk. They tend to spend the night ruminating and wait til morning to give birth. Generally, the baby determines what day it is born, but the momma (her environment) determines what time of day it is born).
Manure Scoring (who knew?)
Manure scoring can help cattle owners determine what (if any) supplementation their cows may need. Cattle do need to be in good health for manure scoring to be accurate. Manure scoring is a valuable tool to determine the quality of nutrition the cow has recently consumed. It can help prevent loss of body condition--all by looking at the manure pat. There is even a free app available for your smart phone, "Cow Poop Analyzer," put out by Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service.
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Cows: Please Close Gate Just For Fun
Farm Wife Facts
Homestead "Cow Crafts"
Vintage Cattle Clipart, Cattle in Artwork
Webdesign Fun: Cattle Clipart & Backgrounds
Free adult coloring pages featuring cows, & gift ideas
(I have run across so much neat free stuff, thought I'd
gather it up and share when I get caught up)
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some BC BS on the ranch
Miscellaneous Homesteading Links
Homesteading articles
Self Sufficiency articles
LGDs & Stockdogs
Homestead & Self Sufficiency hard-to-find specialty products
(Have researched some pretty neat stuff that I am going to try out, and will recommend to readers if I approve) ... stay tuned ...


more about this website

Thank you all, it is truly an honor to be involved with so many great people over the years working on this site.
This is what it is all about, working with you and your breeding programs; your success is miniature-cattle.com's success.

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Miniature-Cattle.com © est. May 2014, a Bucking V Outfit enterprise
publisher: Vintage Publishers
owner: Bucking V Outfit
author: by Donna G Vickery