Frame Score Charts - miniature-cattle.com
measuring minimoos and comparing to all sizes of cattle

Miniature-Cattle.com Frame Score (FS) Charts
related pages: More Frame Score Information (more charts from the internet, etc.)

 

Cows
Bulls
age
mos
000000  00000  0000  000  00  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9  age
mos
000000  00000  0000  000  00  0  1  2  3  4  5  6  7  8  9 
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
33.1
35.1
37.2
39.3
41.3
43.4
45.5
47.5
49.6
5
 
 
 
 
 
 
33.5
35.5
37.5
39.5
41.6
43.6
45.6
47.7
49.7
6
22.5
24.5
26.5
28.5
30.5
32.5
34.1
36.2
38.2
40.3
42.3
44.4
46.5
48.5
50.6
6
23.0
25.0
27.0
29.0
31.0
33.0
34.8
36.8
38.8
40.8
42.9
44.9
46.9
48.9
51.0
7
23.3
25.3
27.3
29.3
31.3
33.3
35.1
37.1
39.2
41.2
43.3
45.3
47.4
49.4
51.5
7
24.0
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.1
44.1
46.1
48.1
50.1
52.2
8
24.0
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.1
42.1
44.1
46.2
48.2
50.2
52.3
8
25.0
27.0
29.0
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.2
39.2
41.2
43.2
45.2
47.2
49.3
51.3
53.3
9
24.8
26.8
28.8
30.8
32.8
34.8
36.8
38.9
40.9
42.9
44.9
47.0
49.0
51.0
53.0
9
26.0
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.2
40.2
42.3
44.3
46.3
48.3
50.3
52.3
54.3
10
25.5
27.5
29.5
31.5
33.5
35.5
37.6
39.6
41.6
43.7
45.7
47.7
49.7
51.7
53.8
10
27.0
29.0
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.2
41.2
43.3
45.3
47.3
49.3
51.3
53.3
55.3
11
26.3
28.3
30.3
32.3
34.3
36.3
38.3
40.3
42.3
44.3
46.4
48.4
50.4
52.4
54.4
11
28.0
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.2
42.2
44.2
46.2
48.2
50.2
52.2
54.2
56.2
12
27.0
29.0
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.0
45.0
47.0
49.0
51.0
53.0
55.0
12
29.0
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.3
45.0
47.0
49.0
51.0
53.0
55.0
57.0
13
27.6
29.6
31.5
33.5
35.5
37.5
39.6
41.6
43.6
45.5
47.5
49.5
51.5
53.5
55.5
13
29.8
31.8
33.8
35.8
37.8
39.8
41.8
43.8
45.8
47.8
49.8
51.8
53.8
55.8
57.7
14
28.3
30.3
32.3
34.3
36.3
38.3
40.1
42.1
44.1
46.1
48.0
50.0
52.0
54.0
56.0
14
30.5
32.5
34.5
36.5
38.5
40.5
42.5
44.5
46.5
48.5
50.4
52.4
54.4
56.4
58.4
15
28.8
30.8
32.8
34.8
36.8
38.8
40.6
42.6
44.5
46.5
48.5
50.4
52.4
54.4
56.4
15
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.1
45.1
47.1
49.1
51.1
53.0
55.0
57.0
59.0
16
29.3
31.3
33.3
35.3
37.3
39.3
41.0
43.0
44.9
46.9
48.9
50.8
52.8
54.8
56.7
16
31.5
33.5
35.5
37.5
39.5
41.5
43.6
45.6
47.6
49.6
51.6
53.6
55.6
57.5
59.5
17
29.7
31.7
33.8
35.8
37.8
39.8
41.4
43.3
45.3
47.2
49.2
51.1
53.1
55.1
57.0
17
31.8
33.8
35.8
37.8
39.8
41.8
44.1
46.1
48.1
50.1
52.0
54.0
56.0
58.0
60.0
18
30.0
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
41.7
43.6
45.6
47.5
49.5
51.4
53.4
55.3
57.2
18
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.0
44.5
46.5
48.5
50.5
52.4
54.4
56.4
58.4
60.3
19
30.3
32.3
34.3
36.3
38.3
40.3
41.9
43.9
45.8
47.7
49.7
51.6
53.6
55.5
57.4
19
32.3
34.3
36.3
38.3
40.3
42.3
44.9
46.8
48.8
50.8
52.7
54.7
56.7
58.7
60.6
20
30.5
30.5
34.5
36.5
38.5
40.5
42.1
44.1
46.0
47.9
49.8
51.8
53.7
55.6
57.6
20
32.5
34.5
36.5
38.5
40.5
42.5
45.1
47.1
49.1
51.0
53.0
55.0
56.9
58.9
60.9
21
30.8
32.8
34.8
36.8
38.8
40.8
42.3
44.2
46.1
48.0
50.0
51.9
53.8
55.7
57.6
21
32.8
34.8
36.8
38.8
40.8
42.8
45.3
47.3
49.2
51.2
53.2
55.1
57.1
59.0
61.0
22
31.0
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22
33.0
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.0
45.0
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23
31.3
33.3
35.3
37.3
39.3
41.3
43.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23
33.1
35.1
37.1
39.1
41.1
43.1
45.3
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
age Cows                             age Bulls                            
mos 000000 00000 0000 000 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 mos 000000 00000 0000 000 00 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9
24
31.5
33.5
35.5
37.5
39.5
41.5
43.1
45.0
46.9
48.8
50.7
52.5
54.5
56.4
58.2
24
33.3
35.3
37.3
39.3
41.3
43.3
46.4
48.3
50.3
52.3
53.9
56.0
58.0
60.0
62.0
30
32.0
34.0
36.0
38.0
40.0
41.8
43.8
45.8
47.5
49.4
51.3
53.1
55.1
57.0
58.9
30
33.5
35.5
37.5
39.5
41.5
44.4
47.3
49.3
51.3
53.2
54.9
57.0
59.0
61.0
63.0
36
32.3
34.3
36.3
38.3
40.3
42.3
44.2
46.1
48.0
49.8
51.8
53.6
55.5
57.2
59.2
36
35.0
37.0
39.0
41.0
43.0
45.0
48.0
50.0
51.9
53.8
55.5
57.5
59.5
61.5
63.5
42
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
49.9
51.9
53.8
55.7
57.4
59.3
42
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
54.0
55.7
57.8
59.8
61.8
63.7
48
 
 
 
 
 
 
44.6
46.5
48.2
50.0
52.0
53.9
55.8
57.5
59.4
48
36.0
38.0
40.0
42.0
44.0
46.0
48.5
50.4
52.3
54.1
55.9
58.0
60.0
62.0
63.9

 

DARK TYPE (FS 4•aught - 0): Miniature Hereford Breeders Association (AHA MHBA)
GREY TYPE (FS 6•aught - 5•aught, Cows): International Miniature Cattle Society & Registry
GREEN TYPE: (FS 6•aught - 5•aught, Bulls): Miniature-Cattle.com
NAVY TYPE (FS 1-4): American Angus Association (BIF AAA)
DARK TYPE (FS 1-9): American Hereford Association (BIF AHA)

Growing Cattle Frame Score Formulas:

HEIFER
FORMULA
(-11.7086 + (0.4723 x HIP HEIGHT)) - (0.0239 x DAYS OF AGE) + (0.0000146 x (DAYS OF AGE x DAYS OF AGE)) + (0.0000759 x HIP HEIGHT x DAYS OF AGE) this equation only applies to hip heights taken when the animal is between the ages of 5 and 21 months.
BULL
FORMULA
(-11.548 + (0.4878 x HIP HEIGHT)) - (0.0289 x DAYS OF AGE) + (0.00001947 x (DAYS OF AGE x DAYS OF AGE)) + (0.0000334 x HIP HEIGHT x DAYS OF AGE) this equation only applies to hip heights taken when the animal is between the ages of 5 and 21 months.

 

 

Printable
Frame Score Charts

  • free printable downloads
  • charts open in a new window
  • charts may be tweaked over time;
    as more mini FSs are recorded
    and we learn more about how miniature cattle growth curves compare to standard sized cattle, and how much taller miniature bulls are than miniature cows, of the same frame sizes

printable size .png format

 

 

 

Frame Score charts
double-sided pdf document
for printing both sides
pg 1 is the bull chart
pg 2 is the cow chart

Cattle Frame Score Charts - Bull and Cow

 

single Cow Frame Score chart
a printable .pdf

Frame Score Chart - Cows

 

single Bull Frame Score chart
a printable .pdf

Frame Score Chart - Bulls

 

12 Things to Know About
Miniature Cattle Frame Scores

  1. Frame Score charts were started by the Beef Improvement Federation (BIF), which was founded in 1968. FS charts use a difference in height at the same age by 2 inches per number score. Chart numbers for 5 to 21 month old growing cattle are computed with a mathematical formula (one for bulls and one for heifers) that represents average growth patterns recorded in 1000s of cattle over many years of research.
  2. Cattle normally have the same Frame Score (FS) throughout their life.
  3. Frame score measurements help predict the potential height of cattle at maturity and help registries determine height eligibility of miniature and some classic breed calves, while they are still young & growing.
  4. Most miniature cattle breeds use a cutoff height of 42-43 inches, measuring 3YO cows over the hip when 36 mos of age.
  5. Bulls of the same frame score mature taller than cows; however in miniature cattle, the difference may be less.
  6. Different miniature cattle registries set slightly different height limits in their herdbook divisions, but most are fairly close.
  7. Most associations require measurements of their cattle over the hip. Only one miniature registry measures at the top of the hook bone, and a couple associations measure right behind the shoulder. If you have cattle that qualify for more than one registry, cover all your bases.
  8. Height is usually not a factor for eligibility in cattle registries other than miniatures and a few small frame breeds.
  9. Measuring yearlings at exactly 12 months of age, and double checking with the formula (not just the FS chart number averages) will usually provide the most reliable frame score and mature height prediction in normal, healthy growing young cattle.
  10. Frame Score Charts are only a guide. Individual animals will vary while growing. FS chart numbers show a (smooth) gradual average growth curve. In real life, many animals have a "bumpier" growth curve due to conformation (angles), type (early or later maturing) and environment (nutrition, growth spurts, climate, long feet, even thickness of hair, etc).
  11. Grassfed vs Grain: Don't forget: Frame scores can vary in animals that mature earlier or later compared with average animals. Cattle on pasture grow slower than cattle pushed for maximum gain (fed high levels of grain in feedlots). Grassfed cattle that receive supplements should gain at rates somewhere in the middle.
  12. Although smaller breeds tend to mature earlier, many heritage breeds of cattle actually keep growing until 5-7 years of age.

 

Modern Frame Scores
FS Facts in Modern (standard breeds) of Cattle
Use these facts judiciously when applying to Miniature Cattle

The following modern frame score facts are for comparison only.
As of yet, we do not have enough records to prove / disprove these numbers
in Miniature Cattle, BD carrier cattle, or in 100% grass fed small frame cattle.


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  • By 7 months of age, cattle should reach about 80% of their mature height.
  • By 7 months of age, most cattle reach about 35-45% of mature weight.
  • By 12 months of age, cattle reach up to 90% of their mature height.
  • By 12 months of age, cattle reach about 55-60% of their mature weight.
  • For breeding age (that is 14 to 15 months when target calving at 24 mos)
          heifers should weigh 60-65% of their mature weight.
  • In standard breeds, bulls mature about 4" taller than cows.
  • Steers grow taller than bulls, standing about 1/2--1" taller at 18--21 months.
  • Modern frame mature bulls weigh 55-60% more than mature cows.
  • In heritage breeds, bulls weigh at least 25% more than cows.
  • Shorter cattle usually mature at an earlier age.
  • Frame Scores may not stay consistent with the chart during fast growth periods.
  • FSs are for heifers that first calved at 2YO. Add 1 inch if first calved at 3YO
  • Mature FSs are for cattle at BCS 5 (moderate body fatness).


click above to open printable version in separate window       

These percentages / age apply to modern /standard cattle FSs.
These percentages may not follow through in miniature cattle
FSs.
These numbers are quoted throughout the cattle industry; one source is
TAMU.
As we record more
FSs, we can eventually formulate accurate %s for minimoos.

 

ADDITIONAL SOURCES:

The Point of Rocks Ranch in Fort Davis Texas, Roy Largent and family miniature Hereford founder
falsterfarm.com/oldwebsitefiles/documents/frame_score.htm
Beef Improvement Federation of North America (BIF) 2018
Belted Galloway Society, beltie.org/frame-scoring.php
International Miniature Cattle Breeders Society®
North Dakota University Cooperative Extension
Miniature Hereford Breeders Assn (MHBA)
American Hereford Association (AHA)
MauldinHerefords.com/cowframe.html
JWest.biz/CattleFrameScoreChart.htm
Shetland Cattle Herd Book Society
North Dakota State University
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Miniature Hereford Newsletter
American Angus Association
Heritage Jersey Organization
Texas A & M University
US Dept Agriculture

 

Miniature-Cattle.com
author: by Donna G Vickery
owner: Miniature-Cattle.com
publisher: Vintage Publishers
published online: October 2018