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Links & Resources for Miniature & Homestead Cattle Owners
cattle charts, formulas, free printable downloads, you are welcome to share
Chondrodysplasia (BD) (or Chondro, or the Bulldog calf, BD gene, or Dwarfism). Skeletal dysplasias are disorders of the bone and cartilage tissues. Dwarfism, the most common result, is found in many animals. There are several different dwarf genes in cattle. Some dwarf mutations in modern cattle breeds have been culled for since the 1950's, and are rare now. Miniature cattle breeders have always selected for short cattle, and the BD dwarf mutation has existed in Irish Dexter cattle for centuries. Miniature cattle breeders have used the Dexter for decades to downsize other cattle breeds and create more "miniature breeds," so the BD dwarf gene has been retained in the miniature cattle population. Read more about BD and how it affects your plans to breed miniature cattle here ...
height classifications
small aluminum measuring stick Frame Score (FS) Charts. Frame Score charts are an objective and convenient method used across breeds to predict the future mature height of young growing cattle. Theoretically an animal should have the same frame score throughout its life.
Miniature Cattle are Frame Score 0 down to •6. Miniature cows mature up to 44" tall.
Classic (small frame) cows are Frame Scores 1 through 3, with mature cows 44"--48" tall.
Modern (standard size) cows are Frame Scores 4 through 8 with mature cows over 48" tall.
Frame Score charts for both miniature Bulls and miniature Cows, including printable versions, including all size classifications and heights for comparison. Industry standard for terminology applied to Miniature Cattle; how to properly measure cattle height, here...
Weight Measurement Formula & Weight Chart: How to Measure Miniature Cattle to Estimate their Weight. Measure weight formula and charts for cattle and newborn calves. Cattle scales are expensive and usually not cost effective for homesteaders or small herd owners. But there are 2 methods to measure cattle for weight estimates. Method 1 uses 2 measurements, the heart girth and the body length, and a formula. Method 2 uses just the heart girth measurement and a special (inexpensive) livestock weigh tape with approximate weight markings on it. Or, use a plain cloth tape measure and a measure weight chart. A free downloadable printable version is provided here...

Hans Peterson

More Charts:

  • Body Condition Score (BCS) charts
  • Disposition (temperament measured in chute & corral) Score charts
  • Calving Ease (Difficulty) chart
  • Ear Year (tattoo) chart

(left: Hans Peterson, MI)

Glossary of terms
Miniature Beef & Dairy Cattle Glossary of Terms. Proper terminology will help miniature cattle owners and breeders align more accurately with the rest of the cattle industry, and can help buyers and sellers (new to cattle ownership) avoid misunderstandings.
ADCA cow gestation pdf - printable chart
Gestation Tables: American Dexter Cattle Association complete cow gestation chart based on a 283 day gestation period. The gestation period for cattle is approximately 279-292 days from the first mating or about 9 months long. Generally younger cows and smaller breeds calve up to 10 days earlier than the average, while older cows and larger breeds generally calve up to 10 days later. Cows will generally conceive after one breeding. American Hereford Association offers a handy online calendar calculator.
in development now: Miniature Cattle Breeds, Composites & Registries. Breed traits, facts & comparisons.
in development now: Heritage Cattle Breeds & Registries. Breed traits, facts & comparisons.
in development now: Unusual & Specialty Bovine Breeds & Registries. Breed traits, facts & comparisons.
Judging Age of Cattle by their Teeth

How to age cattle by their teeth: printable 8 x 20 reference poster (left)

How To Estimate Cattle Age By Their Teeth. A series of photographs that clearly illustrate the changes in teeth that indicate age progressioin in cattle. ~ The Cowboy Way.

Calving Season: Feed at Night, Calve During the Day, By SDSU iGrow Extension, Mar 22, 2018, Western Livestock Journal. “Yes, feeding affects time of calving,” Harty said. “Feeding cows later in the day and evening will increase the number of calves born during daylight hours, when it is easier for livestock producers to watch them more closely.” (Ranchers have known and practiced this for years, it works for sheep too; to make your calving, lambing and kidding season a little less stressful, feed your pregnant stock every evening before dusk. They tend to spend the night ruminating and wait til morning to give birth (the baby determines what day it is born, the mother determines what time of day it is born).
cattle working form

Good Record Keeping is an important part of raising healthy happy Miniature Cattle. Here is the first of many .pdf forms (more on the way) that can help new cattle owners keep records and start forming their own tailor-made yearly (and monthly) cattle herd health schedules. Disease prevention, pest control, and health issues will vary, according to where you live and the breeds of cattle you raise.

Cattle Herd Health & Transport Record Forms (left) free download printable pdf ;
(~ adapted from forms posted by H&R Mini Herefords, OK) customize as needed for your herd.

mini Bucking Bulls!
When Mini Bulls Come to Town Miniature-Cattle.com's Miniature Bucking Bull page. Associations, contractors and mini rodeo bull breeders.
Genes for Cowboys. Want to understand the genetics behind breeding cattle a bit better? This is an online reference book written to help ranchers and agriculture students understand genetics relevant to beef cattle. Inheritance Patterns; Inheritance; Mendelian Inheritance; Chromosome Considerations in Cattle; Fertility; Cattle Traits of Interest; Polled, Horned, and Scurred; Coat Color; Behavior Genetics; Genetics of Beef Quality; DNA Testing for Cattle; Gene Mapping; General References and Links to Cattle Genetics Sites. By Sheila M. Schmutz, Ph.D., Department of Animal Science, University of Saskatchewan, Canada.

Manure Scoring (who knew?)
Manure scoring can help cattle owners determine what (if any) supplementation their cows may need. Cattle do need to be in good health for manure scoring to be accurate. Manure scoring is a valuable tool to determine the quality of nutrition the cow has recently consumed, and it can be used effectively to adjust supplementation to prevent loss of body condition. All by looking at the manure pat. There is also a free app available for your smart phone, Cow Poop Analyzer, put out by Texas A&M AgriLife Extension Service. With the app, you have pictures to compare to what you see in your pasture, that help determine the approximate crude protein and digestibility of their current forage / food intake.

Facts & Tidbits About Cattle (some helpful, some interesting, some fun)

Farm Wife Facts (strictly for fun, well, some "facts" might be useful?)

How to Tie a Quick Release Knot (useful when halter training)

As Useless as Teats on a Bull? Well, we would like to question that old saying. Australian Newsletter, "Hormonal Mail", April 2016

Guernsey Beta Casein – A2 Genotyping cow's milk. There is some evidence that lactose-intolerant people can drink A2 milk without problems. There are 2 groups of amino acid variants in cow's milk; group A1 and group A2. Variants that belong to A1 and A2 groups are:

A1 group variants: (His67) are A1, B, C, F and G.

A2 group variants: (Pro67) are A2, A3, H1, H2, I, J, K and L.

"Breeders interested in developing dairy or dual purpose herds of cattle for human health benefits should focus in selecting against variants of the A1 group (A1-free). There is a simple DNA test to determine a cow's beta casein (A1 or A2 group) type." ~ UC Davis
Lactose sensitivity or intolerance is not the same thing as an allergy. People who are allergic to milk are still allergic to A2 milk.

Whorl - pinterest photo Bad Hair Day cow memeLivestock Behavior
Low Stress Handling
Facilities Design, Humane Slaughter

Cowlicks: The Hidden Complexity of a Cow’s Bad Hair Day, Dr. Temple Grandin, professor of Animal Science at Colorado State University first noticed a correlation between the location of cattle’s hair whorls on their face, and whether they were more or less excitable when handled by humans. By Anna O’Brien, September 8, 2014.

Migratory Grazing and Low Stress Cattle Handling with Bob Kinford. To advance one's stockmanship abilities, some must un-learn most of what they have been taught. Stockmanship and Instinctive Migratory Grazing allows ranchers to follow holistic grazing plans and regeneration with less infrastructure and labor, allowing less fencing, moving cattle, and fewer water points to build and maintain.

Bud Williams StockmanshipStockmanship: An Essential Component of Sustainability The term “low-stress livestock handling” refers to the method of handling livestock as developed by Bud Williams which, in many ways, is profoundly original and supersedes all other methods in subtlety and effectiveness. This article series focuses on those methods, including natural horsemanship, ranch roping, stockdog handling and working cattle facilities design. By Whit Hibbard, OnPasture.com.

Bud Williams Stockmanship (Stockmanship defined by Bud Williams). "My method of working livestock consists of learning to “read” what the animal is telling you and how to change your position so that she wants to go where you want her to go. It is important that the animals do not consider you a threat to them. People have written articles about my Stockmanship methods, but if they use predator/prey examples you can be sure that they do not understand the concept at all. The last thing I want my animals to do is to think of me as a predator. My goal is not only to work livestock with very little stress but also to take existing stress off of them."

Temple Grandin's Livestock Handline Humane Livestock Handling Temple Grandin's Guide to Working with Farm Animals. Safe, Humane Livestock Handling Practices for the Small Farm. Award-winning author Temple Grandin is famous for her groundbreaking approach to understanding animal behavior. Now she extends her expert guidance to small-scale farming operations. Grandin’s fascinating explanations of how herd animals think--describing their senses, fears, instincts, and memories--and how to analyze their behavior, will help you handle your livestock more safely & effectively. Detailed illustrations will help you design & set up simple, inexpensive, efficient facilities for managing a small herd or flock of livestock on your homestead.

(Links go to Amazon page where you can shop & choose between new hardcover books or used softcover books (least expensive).

Complete Beginners Guides, The Backyard Cow, the Ultimate Grass Fed Cookbook, Treating Dairy Cows Naturally, Organic Cow Care, Raising Small Farm Animals, Everything You Need to Know About Raising Cows, Sheep, Goats, Chickens, Ducks, Rabbits, and more, Best Breeds for Small-Space Farming, Produce Your Own Grass-Fed Meat, Making Money Selling Grass Fed Meat Ethically, How to Raise Your Cattle on Natural Grass for Fun and Profit, Veterinary Guide, Keeping Livestock Healthy, Back-To-Basics, Living Off the Grid, Farming & Homesteading, Planners, Encyclopedia of Country Living; The Backyard Homestead Guide to Raising Farm Animals: Choosing the Best Breeds for Small-Space Farming, Go Off the Grid, Organic Gardening, Bee-Keeping, How to Build Animal Housing: 60 Plans for Coops, Nestboxes, Barns, Sheds, Pens, Feeders, etc., even a pewter mini-moo coin bank.

Updated Veterinary Guide for Farm Animal Owners     Keeping Livestock Healthy updated version     Practical Veterinary Organic Cow Care for Farmers  pewter mini cow coin bank

The Ultimate Beginners Guide to Raising Small Farm Animals     The Backyard Homestead Guide to Raising Farm Animals: Choose the Best Breeds for Small-Space Farming, Produce Your Own Grass-Fed Meat, Bee-Keeping     Keeping a Family Cow         

Treating Dairy Cows Naturally     Complete Guide to Grass-Fed Cattle     the Ultimate GrassFed Cookbook     Grass-Fed Nation    

The New Livestock Farmer--Selling Grass Fed Meat Ethically     Small-Scale Livestock Farming: A Grass-Based Approach for Health, Sustainability, and Profit     How to Make Money Homesteading     Hobby Farming for Dummies    


The Homestead Planner & Logbook     The Backyard Homestead Seasonal Planner: What to Do & When to Do It in the Garden, Orchard, Barn, Pasture & Equipment Shed (Spiral-bound)     the Encyclopedia of Country Living - a Manual for Living off the Land & DIY     Going Off the Grid

4" tall mini cow coin bank    Mini Farming - Self Sufficiency on a quarter acre          2011 The Ultimate Guide to Old Fashioned Country Skills

The Backyard Homestead Book of Building Projects--StorageFacility, Animal Housing, Outdoor Furniture    DIY Animal Housing     Beginners Guide to Organic Vegetable Gardening     Weekly Vegetable Garnders Handbook

*Amazon Affiliate Disclosure. Miniature-Cattle.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for website owners to earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com and any other website that may be affiliated with Amazon Service LLC Associates Program.

Guernsey portrait: Milk Cow Face, animalia-life.club

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