Go HOME Little Cow

Breed Comparison Graphs

graph legend
legend
Homestead & Miniature Cattle are docile, efficient cattle that produce well with low input on small acreage. They are often old-fashioned types of cattle found in many breeds. They can be any size, but most range in miniature to midsize frame scores. Many are dual or triple purpose cattle that descend from old breeds that served self-reliant families on small homesteads centuries ago. They are predominantly short legged, deep, long-bodied cattle with wide-sprung ribs, great rumen capacity and grass fed genetics. They can produce more pounds of beef or milk per acre of grass (with no grain) than modern breeds can. They are genetically healthy, hardy and long-lived. They are gentle--bulls should be easy to handle--but gentle cows should still be excellent mothers. They are easy on fencing and equipment. The smaller they are, the easier they may be on fragile pasture and soils, but larger sizes may work in pasture rotation programs. Breeds listed on this page are known for being (or including some) excellent homestead cattle with these traits unless otherwise indicated.

see also: FAQ: 10 Things to Consider When Choosing a Breed

 

 
Type
  Polled  
Purity
 
  Frame Score
 
small
large
Homestead cattle breeds
B
Dp
D
 
h
P
 
H
FB
PB
C
 
micro
miniature
 
midsize
 
standard
                         
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
 
4-5
6-7
8-10
American (Belgian) Blue
beef
               
beef
                 
beef
 
beef
beef
 
American Lineback    
dairy
 
beef
beef
       
beef
               
dual purpose
 
dual purpose
   
Angus, American Aberdeen (see Lowline)
 
 
 
 
 
Angus, miniature (see Lowline)
 
 
 
 
 
Beefalo
beef
                 
beef
         
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Belted Galloway (see Galloway)
 
 
 
 
 
Beltie,   Panda®  (miniature composite)
beef
     
beef
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
             
BueLingo
beef
       
beef
       
beef
               
beef
 
beef
beef
 
British White (polled) & White Park (horned)
beef
     
beef
beef
   
beef
beef
           
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Canadienne                                                
Corriente (Mexican)        
beef
     
beef
                 
beef
beef
       
Devon (Milking, North American, Red)
beef
dual purpose
dairy
 
beef
   
beef
beef
                 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Dexter (see Irish Dexter)
 
 
 
 
 
Durham Shorthorn (miniature, restored)
beef
dual purpose
   
beef
dual purpose
     
beef
     
beef
beef
dual purpose
beef
 
beef
         
Dutch Belted (Lakenvelder)    
dairy
 
dairy
   
dairy
                     
dual purpose
 
dual purpose
   
Fleckvieh
beef
dual purpose
   
beef
     
beef
                 
beef
beef
 
dual purpose
   
Florida Cracker        
beef
   
beef
                   
beef
beef
       
Galloway (Belted Galloway)
beef
       
beef
   
beef
           
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Galloway (Solid “Traditional” Galloway)
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
           
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Galloway (Riggit Galloway)
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
           
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Galloway (White Galloway)
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
           
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Hereford, Heirloom
beef
     
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
                 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
Hereford, Miniature
beef
     
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
       
beef
beef
beef
beef
 
beef
         
Heritage Angus
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
                   
beef
 
beef
   
Heritage Shorthorn
beef
dual purpose
dairy
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
             
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Irish Dexter
beef
dual purpose
   
dual purpose
beef
 
dual purpose
beef
     
beef
beef
beef
beef
dual purpose
             
Irish Kerry    
dairy
 
dairy
   
dairy
dairy
                 
dairy
         
Jersey, Heritage    
dairy
 
dairy
dairy
 
dairy
dairy
dairy
               
dairy
dairy
 
dairy
   
Jersey, miniature    
dairy
 
dairy
dairy
   
dairy
dairy
dairy
 
dairy
dairy
dairy
dairy
dairy
 
dairy
         
Kerry (see Irish Kerry)
 
 
 
 
 
Lincoln Red
beef
dual purpose
   
dual purpose
beef
 
beef
beef
                   
beef
 
beef
beef
 
Lowline (American Aberdeen)
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
     
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
       
Mashona
beef
     
beef
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
 
beef
         
Milking Shorthorn (see Heritage Shorthorn)
 
 
 
 
 
Miniature Angus (see Lowline)
 
 
 
 
 
Miniature Bucking Bulls (composite)        
beef
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
 
beef
         
Miniature Hereford (see Hereford)
 
 
 
 
 
Miniature Holstein (reproduction)    
dairy
 
dairy
dairy
       
dairy
     
dairy
dairy
dairy
 
dairy
         
Miniature Shorthorn (see Durham)
 
 
 
 
 
Miniature Zebu        
beef
     
beef
     
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
             
Murray Grey
beef
       
beef
   
beef
                   
beef
 
beef
   
Normande
beef
dual purpose
           
dual purpose
                   
beef
 
beef
   
Panda® (see Beltie)
 
 
 
 
 
Pineywoods Guinea Cattle        
beef
   
beef
               
beef
 
beef
beef
       
Pinzgauer
beef
dual purpose
   
beef
     
dual purpose
                 
dual purpose
beef
 
beef
   
Randall Lineback Cattle  
dual purpose
         
dual purpose
                   
dual purpose
dual purpose
       
Red Poll
beef
dual purpose
dairy
 
beef
   
beef
beef
                 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Scottish Highland
beef
     
beef
   
beef
beef
           
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Shetland
beef
     
beef
   
beef
beef
             
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Shorthorn (see Heritage Shorthorn)
 
 
 
 
 
South Devon
beef
dual purpose
   
beef
   
beef
beef
             
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
South Poll
beef
dual purpose
dairy
 
beef
   
beef
beef
                 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Speckle Park
beef
     
beef
beef
       
beef
             
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
Square Meater (small Murray Grey)
beef
       
beef
   
beef
             
beef
 
beef
         
Sundog (miniature composite)
beef
     
beef
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
             
Texas Longhorn        
beef
   
beef
beef
         
beef
beef
beef
 
beef
beef
 
beef
   
Western Heritage Cattle (mini composite)
beef
     
beef
         
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
             
White Dexter® (miniature composite)
beef
     
beef
beef
       
beef
 
beef
beef
beef
beef
beef
             
White Galloway (see Galloway)
 
 
 
 
 
White Park (see British White)
 
 
 
 
 
Zebu (see Miniature Zebu)
 
 
 
 
 

 

(breed size ranges, measured by height:)
 
micro
miniature
 
midsize
standard
Miniature Breeds
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10
Miniature Cattle are small or short cattle of any breed that measure in height to about Frame Score 1.
• Irish Dexter
x
x
x
x
x
 
x
       
• Miniature Zebu
x
x
x
x
x
           
                       
Heritage Breeds
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10
Many Homestead breeds of cattle are heritage breeds with centuries of history, developed to perform efficiently in harsh conditions, with low input. When high production, grainfed breeds took over, many became rare. But today they are again increasing in popularity as more people move to small acreages for self-sufficiency and safer, healthier, home-raised food. Some are dairy, some are beef, and many are dual-purpose breeds.
• Angus {fullblood Heritage}              
x
x
x
 
• Angus {Lowline, American Aberdeen}
x
x
x
x
x
 
x
x
     
• Canadienne cattle              
x
x
x
 
• Cracker {Pineywoods}        
x
 
x
x
x
   
• Devon {Ruby, Red, Milking, North}        
x
 
x
x
x
x
 
• Dutch Belted {Lakenvelder}        
x
 
x
x
x
x
x
• Galloway {fullblood, all colors}      
x
x
 
x
x
x
x
 
• Hereford {fullblood Heirloom}            
x
x
x
x
 
• Hereford {fullblood miniature}
x
x
x
x
x
           
• Highland {fullblood Scottish}        
x
 
x
x
x
   
• Jersey {fullblood Heritage}        
x
 
x
x
x
   
• Irish Kerry            
x
x
     
• Lincoln Red            
x
x
x
   
• Randall Lineback              
x
x
   
• Red Poll            
x
x
x
   
• Shetland            
x
x
     
• Shorthorn {fullblood Heritage}      
x
x
 
x
x
x
x
 
• South Devon        
x
 
x
x
x
x
x
• South Poll              
x
x
   
• Texas Longhorn        
x
 
x
x
x
   
                       
more Breeds
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10
• British White {White Park}        
x
 
x
x
x
x
 
• Fleckvieh        
x
 
x
x
x
   
• Montbeliarde            
x
x
     
• Murray Grey            
x
x
     
• Normande            
x
x
x
x
 
• Pinzgauer            
x
x
x
   
• Square Meater        
x
 
x
       
                       
Composite Breeds
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10
Just like all the "designer breeds" of dogs, there are many new composite "breeds" of small frame and miniature cattle developed for the growing homestead market. They may be called by the same breed names as their fullblood counterparts. They may be registered. They may be a close to 100% of a breed or called "purebred." Buyers who are new to cattle should be aware that unless listed above, they are not breeds, but are composites that have been around for only a few years. Many new composite breeds compete to be the tiniest possible cattle with the fanciest colors or the brightest markings. They are not priced for their direct value as beef or dairy animals, like other breeds of cattle, but are priced instead for what they will bring in the pet market. Disclaimer: I have included a few popular composites below that are proprietary, with trademarked™ composite breed names. I have no stake in their profit or loss, no intent to advertise, and no endorsement is implied.
• Belfair, Belmont {Irish Jersey}™      
x
x
 
x
       
• Canadienne {Canada}              
x
x
   
• Miniature Bucking Bulls    
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Belties
x
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Braford  
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Brangus {Bramalow}    
x
x
             
• Miniature Guernsey        
x
           
• Miniature Highlander
x
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature HighPark
x
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Holstein        
x
           
• Miniature Jersey  
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Meatmaster    
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Panda™    
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Wagyu  
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature Watusi  
x
x
x
x
           
• Miniature white park crosses
x
x
x
x
x
           
• Sheeted Somerset {restored}              
x
x
   
• Speckle Park {Canada}              
x
x
   
• Toy Sundog  
x
x
x
x
           
• Western Heritage
x
x
x
x
x
           
• White Dexter™  
x
x
x
x
           
                       
Specialty Breeds
6-5a
4a
3a
00
0
 
1
2-3
4-5
6-7
8-10
• Bison {Beefalo, Bison Hybrid)        
x
 
x
x
x
x
 
• Mashona            
x
x
x
   
• Yak, Yaklander      
x
x
 
x
       

 

green mini bar

Go HOME Little Cow

Bucking V Outfit LLC cattle brand
publisher: Vintage Press, LLC.
owner: Bucking V Outfit, LLC., Maricopa County Arizona
published online: 07-15-2020
author: by Donna Grace Vickery
Miniature.Cattle.Directory@gmail.com
go to top